Wednesday, 25 May 2011

Signs Before The Day Of Judgement - Part 1



In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful


{The hour (of Judgment) is nigh, and the moon is cleft asunder.}

                                                                                        (Al-Qamar 54.1)
 

Unto Allah belongs the knowledge of the Hour



Only Allah s.w.t. knows when the Day of Judgement will occur. Allah says in the Holy Qur'an: "Verily, Allah, with Him is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware." (Surah Luqman v34):

The Knower of the Unseen is Allah. These are the keys of the Unseen, whose knowledge Allah alone has kept for Himself, and no one else knows them unless Allah tells him about them.

(Verily, Allah, with Him is the knowledge of the Hour, ) No one among mankind knows when the Hour will come, in which year or month, or whether it will come at night or during the day.
The knowledge of `when the Hour will occur' is not known to any Prophet who was sent or any angel who is close to Allah.


(He sends down the rain,)
Similarly, no one but Allah knows when rain will fall, but when He issues the commands, the angels who are entrusted with the task of bringing rain know about it, as do those among His creation whom He wills should know.


(and knows that which is in the wombs) No one but He knows what is in the wombs of what He wants to create, but when He decrees whether it is to be male or female, and whether it is to be blessed or doomed, the angels who are entrusted with that know about it, as do those among His creation whom He wills should know.

(No person knows what he will earn tomorrow,) whether it will be good or bad. You do not know, O son of Adam, when you will die. You might die tomorrow, you might be stricken by calamity tomorrow. No one knows what he will earn tomorrow with regard to this world or the Hereafter.

(and no person knows in what land he will die.) In his own land or elsewhere, in some other land. No one knows this. (and no person knows in what land he will die.) means, no person knows where his resting place will be, on the land or in the sea, on a plain or in the mountains. It says in the Hadith: 'If Allah wants to take a person's soul in a particular land, He will give him a reason to go there.' In Al-Mu`jam Al-Kabir, Al-Hafiz Abu Al-Qasim At-Tabarani recorded that Usamah bin Zayd said, "The Messenger of Allah said: 'Allah does not will that a person should die in a certain land but He gives him a reason to go there.'''  

Imam Ahmad recorded that Buraydah said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: "There are five things which no one knows except Allah: (Verily, Allah, with Him is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware.))
The chain of narrators for this Hadith is Sahih, although they did not recorded it.

It was reported in the Sunnah that the above five things are called the Keys of the Unseen. 

Holy Qur'an also says: {And with Him are the keys of the Unseen, none knows them but He.} (6:59)

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The Hadith of Abu Hurayrah (r.a.)

Al-Bukhari narrated from Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah was standing before the people one day when a man came to him and said, `O Messenger of Allah, what is Iman?' Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.) said: "Iman is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and in the meeting with Him, and to believe in the Resurrection in the Hereafter."

He said: `O Messenger of Allah, what is Islam?' Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.) said: 'Islam is to worship Allah Alone and not associate anything in worship with Him, to establish regular prayer, to pay the obligatory Zakah, and to fast in Ramadan.'

He said, `O Messenger of Allah, what is Ihsan?' Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.) said: 'Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you do not see Him, then He sees you.'

He said 'O Messenger of Allah, when will the Hour come?' Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.) said: 'The one who is asked about it does not know more than the one who is asking, but I will tell you of some of its signs: when the servant woman gives birth to her mistress, that is one of its signs; when the barefoot and naked become leaders of the people, that is one of its signs. The timing of the Hour is one of the five things which no one knows except Allah: (Verily, Allah, with Him is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs....)"

Then the man went away, and the Prophet said, 'Bring him back to me.' They went to bring him back, but they could not find him. He said: 'That was Jibril who came to teach the people their religion'.

It was also recorded by Al-Bukhari in the Book of Faith, and by Muslim with several chains of narration.

(adapted from tafsir of Ibn Kathir)

We shouldn't try and specify when the Hour will occur, because we have no knowledge of this. Allah swt says in the Holy Qur'an: {Say: The things that my Lord hath indeed forbidden are: shameful deeds, whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; assigning of partners to Allah, for which he hath given no authority; and saying things about Allah of which ye have no knowledge.} (7.33)


Minor Signs that have already occured

The Prophethood of Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.)

Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bazzar recorded that Anas said that one day, when the sun was about to set, the Messenger of Allah gave a speech to his Companions, saying:
"By He in Whose Hand is my soul! Not much of this world is left compared to what has already passed of it, except as much as what is left in this day of yours compared to what has already passed of it.) Anas said, "We could only see a small part of the setting sun at the time.''
Another Hadith that supports and explains the above Hadith is recorded by Imam Ahmad that `Abdullah bin `Umar said, "We were sitting with the Prophet while the sun was rising above Qu`ayqa`an, after `Asr. He said "What remains of your time, compared to what has passed, is as long as what remains of this day compared to what has passed of it.'' Imam Ahmad recorded that Sahl bin Sa`d said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: "I was sent like this with the Last Hour.) and he pointed with his middle and index finger."

Narrated Sahl bin Sad As-Sa'idi: (a companion of Allah's Apostle) Allah's Apostle, holding out his middle and index fingers, said, "My advent and the Hour's are like this (or like these)," namely, the period between his era and the Hour is like the distance between those two fingers, i.e., very short. (Bukhari Book #63, Hadith #221)


The Appearance Of A Fire In Madeenah That Continued To Rage For An Entire Month In The Year 654 H

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established till a fire will come out of the land of hijaz, and it will throw light on the necks of the camels at Busra." (Book #88, Hadith #234)
Shaikh Shihaabud-Deen Abu Shaamah, Shaikh of the Hadeeth scholars and historians during his era, mentioned that on Friday, the 5th of Jumaadah Al-Aakhirah, 654 H, there appeared a fire in lands near Madeenah An-Nabawiyyah, in some of its surrounding valleys. It extended for four leagues lengthwise and four miles widthwise. Rocks would pour out until they remained like lead or molten tin, and then they became like black coals. By dint of the fire's light, people were able to travel to Teemaa. The fire remained ablaze for an entire month. The inhabitants of Madeenah related this incident and some among them composed verses of poetry about it.Qaadee Al-Qudaat, Sadrud-Deen 'Alee ibn Al-Qaasim Al-Hanafee, said that a Bedouin once told his father that on that night (i.e. the night of the fire), he was in Busrah and that the people there saw the necks of camels from the light of that fire, which was ablaze in the land of Hijaaz. (Book of The End pg 32 Ibn Kathir)


The Conquest of Constantinople

Jabir bin Samurah narrated, "Nafi' bin 'Utbah said, 'We were accompanying the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) to a battle.' Then, he (Nafi') said, 'Then, some people from the west (of Madinah) came to the Prophet wearing clothes made of wool and they met him next to a mound. They were standing while the Messenger of Allah was sitting.' He (Nafi') then said, 'So I told myself, "Let me come closer to them and stand between them and him so that they will not assassinate him." He (Nafi') then said, '(Then, I said to myself) "They may be having a conversation with him." However, I came close by and stood between them and him.' He (Nafi') then said, 'And then I memorized four sentences from him, and I can count them with my hand. He said, "You will invade the Arabian Peninsula and Allah will grant it (to you). Then (you will conquer) Persia and Allah will grant it (to you). Then, you will invade Ar-Rum and Allah will grant it (to you). Then, you will invade The Dajjal and Allah will grant him (to you)." Nafi' said to Jabir, "O Jabir! We do not believe that the Dajjal will appear until Ar-Rum is conquered." (Ibid., no. 2028)

The land of Ar-Rum is Europe and Rome is its heart. The Messenger of Allah gave us the good tidings that we will conquer Rome, the capital of Christendom today, after the Muslims conquered the first capital of Christendom, Constantinople.

Imam Ahmad narrated that Abdullah Bin Amr Bin Al-Aas said, "While we were around the Messenger of Allah) writing (the Hadith) the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) was asked/ 'Which of these two cities will be conquered first, Constantinople or Romiyah (Rome)?' He said, 'The city of Heracles will first be conquered.' He meant Constantinople.'' (Al-Hakim, Al-Mustadrak, vol. 4, p. 508. Also, see As-Silsilah as-Sahihah, vol. 1)

By: A.Hijazi
Source: www.islaam.com

The Prophet (s.a.w.) Intimated That The Muslims Would Conquer Constantinople Before Rome

Abu Qateel said, "We were with 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar (r.a.) and he was asked, 'Which city will be conquered - Constantinople or Rome?' 'Abdullah called for a box to be brought...and he removed from it a book. 'Abdullah (r.a,) said, 'While we were (gathered) around the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) and we were writing, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) was asked: Which city will be conquered first - Constantinople or Rome? The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said: The city of Hiraql will be conquered first - i.e. Constantinople."' (Ahmad)

The Prophet (s.a.w.) Foretold The End Of The Persian And Roman Empires

The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, "When Caesar is destroyed, there will be no Caesar after him, and when Kisra (a title designated to the emperor of Persia) is destroyed, there will be no Kisra after him. And by the One Who has my soul in His Hand, you will spend their treasures in the way of Allah. (Bukhari and Muslim)

This prophecy was fulfilled, for during the caliphates of Abu Bakr (r.a) Umar (r.a.), and 'Uthmaan (r.a.), Caesar (the name of this particular Caesar was Haraql) lost control of countries in Sham (Syria and surrounding regions) and the Arabian Peninsula. His dominion was then limited to the countries of Rome. In Arabic, the application of the word Qaisar (Caesar) was for he who ruled over Rome, Sham, and the Arabian Peninsula. Therefore this hadeeth contained glad tidings for the inhabitants of Sham; it promised them that, until the Day of Judgment, they would never again be under the rule of Rome. As for Kisra, he lost his entire control of most of his dominion during the caliphate of 'Umar (r.a.), and then he lost everything during the caliphate of 'Uthmaan (r.a.). According to one narration, this occurred in the year 32 H - all praise is for Allah (s.w.t.) and all blessings are from Him. When the Prophet (s.a.w.), sent a letter to Kisra, inviting him to Islam, the latter tore it up. The Prophet supplicated against him, invoking Allah to completely tear apart his empire, and that is in fact what happened.
(p23 Book of the End, Ibn Kathir)

Naafai ibn 'Uyainah (r.a.) related that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.), said, "You will attack an Island of the sea and Allah will grant (you) victory over it; next Persia, and Allah will grant (you) victory over it; then you will attack Rome, and Allah will grant (you) victory over it; then you will attack the Dajjaal, and Allah will grant (you) victory over him."
(Muslim)

The Appearance of False Prophets

Abu Hurayrah (r.a.) said, "The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "The Hour will not come ... until nearly 30 "dajjals" (liars) appear, each one claiming to be a messenger from Allah.'" (Bukhari Muslim.)

Abu Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'Just before the Hour, there will be 30 "dajjals", each of whom will say, I am a Prophet.'" (Ahmad.)

Abu Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'There will be "dajjals" and liars among my Ummah. They will tell you something new, which neither you nor your forefathers have heard. Be on your guard against them, and do not let them lead you astray.'" (Ahmad.)

Thawban (r.a.) said, "The Prophet said, 'There will be 30 liars among my Ummah. Each one will claim that he is a prophet; but I am the last of the Prophets (Seal of the Prophets), and there will be no Prophet after me.'" (Ahmad.)

"...Verily by God, the Last Hour will not come until 30 liars of prophecy will appear and the final one will be the One-eyed False Messiah." (Ahmad).

Some of these have already been eg Musaylimah see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musaylimah and
Mirza Gulam Ahmad - founder of Ahmadi/ Qadiani Movement see http://hopingforparadise.blogspot.com/2010/07/deviant-sects-qadianis.html
I have seen people making a list and coming up with around 22 so far, but Allah knows best.


Evils That Will Occur At The End Of Times, Of Which Some Are Taking Place In Our Age

Ataa ibn Abee Rabaah related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar (r.a.) said, "The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) came to us and said, "0 group of Muhaajireen, five practices — if you are afflicted with them...and I seek refuge in Allah from you reaching them:

(1) Evil does not spread throughout a people to the extent that they proclaim it openly except that plague and hunger will spread among them, to such a degree that was previously unknown by their predecessors;
(2) People will not reduce in measurement (i.e., by cheating with scales when buying and selling) except that they will be overtaken by drought in the lands, by burdensome obligations, and by the oppression of the ruler upon them;
(3) They will not refuse to pay Zakaat on their wealth except that they will be prevented rain from the sky, and were it not for livestock, they would not receive rain (altogether);
(4) They will not break Allah's covenant and the covenant of His Messenger (s.a.w.) except that their external enemies will be given reign to subjugate them, enemies that will take something from what is in their hands;
(5) And as long as their Imams do not rule by Allah's Book and they mock what Allah revealed, Allah will make their strength to be used among themselves — against one another." (Ibn Maajah)

 Ibn Maajah was alone in relating the narration and it does have some Gharaabah (strangeness) in it.


'Alee ibn Abee Taalib (r.a.) related that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, "When my nation does fifteen practices, calamity befalls it." It was asked, "And what are they, 0 Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) He said,
1) When the spoils of war are hoarded by some members of society only;
2) When people take for themselves things that are left with them as a trust, considering those things to be booty;
3) When Zakaat is taken unwillingly from the people (as if they feel it is a burden or tax);
4 and 5) When a man obeys his wife but disobeys his mother;
6) and 7) When a man treats his friend well but is harsh and distant with his father;
8) When voices are raised in mosques;
9) When the leader of a people is the most base individual among them;
10) When a man is honored because his evil is feared;
11) When alcohol will be imbibed;
12) When silk will be worn (by men);
13) When female singers will be used;
14) When musical instruments will be used;
15) When the last of this nation curses the first of it...at that point wait for a red wind, or the sinking of the earth, or for people to be transformed (into animals).

At-Tirmidhee then said, "This hadeeth is Ghareeb; we do not know it from 'Alee (r.a.) except through this chain...some scholars have made remark upon the memory of one of its narrators, Abu Al-Farj ibn Fudaalah




Abu Hurairah (r.a.) related that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, "When spoils and trusts are taken as booty; when Zakaat is considered to be a burden (or tax); when knowledge is learned, but not for the religion; when a man obeys his wife but disobeys his mother, brings close his friend while keeping his father at a distance; when voices are raised in the mosques; when the tribe is led by the most wicked one among them; when the leader of a people is the most base individual among them; when a man is honored because his evil is feared; when female singers and musical instruments spread; when alcohol is imbibed; and when the last of this nation curses the first of it — at that point, wait for a red wind, for the sinking of the earth, for Qadhr (two opinions: flying of stones with severe winds or the earth expelling the corpse of the deceased after its burial), and for signs that will follow in sequence like the beads of an old necklace after its string is cut — and they fall in sequence." (At-Tirmidhee)

from Book of the End by Ibn Kathir
News From The Prophet (s.a.w.) Of The Nations Gathering Against The Muslims, Seeking To Weaken Them, Even Though The Muslims Will Be Large In Numbers

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) said that he heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.), say to Thaubaan (r.a.), "How will you be when the nations will call each other upon you as those who are dining call each other to their dish?" Thaubaan asked, "...0 Messenger of Allah, will that be because we will be few (in number)?" He said, "No, rather at that time you will be many, yet Al-Wahn will be cast into your hearts." "And what is Al-Wahn, 0 Messenger of Allah?" The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "Your love for the world and your hate for fighting." (Ahmad)

Thawban reported that the Prophet, (s.a.w.) said: "The People will soon summon one another to attack you as people when eating invite others to share their dish. Someone asked: 'Will that be because of our small numbers at that time?' He replied: 'No, you will be numerous at that time: but you will be scum and rubbish like that carried down by a torrent, and Allah will take fear of you from the breasts of your enemy and cast Wahn in your hearts.' Someone asked: 'What is Wahn?' The Prophet (s.a.w.) replied: 'Love of the world and hatred of death.'" (Related by Imam Ahmad with strong chains of narrators, and Abu Dawud)

Muslims will give greetings of peace only to those they know

Taariq ibn Shihaab said, "While we were seated with 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ood (r.a.) a man came and said, 'The prayer is about to commence.' He stood, and we stood with him. When we entered the Masjid, we saw people bowing in the front of the Masjid. He made Takbeer (to begin the prayer), and he bowed down; then we made Takbeer, and we bowed down. He prostrated and we prostrated. Then he made (Tasleem) (i.e., to exit the state of prayer and we made (Tasleem) (i.e. to exit the state of prayer). We did as he did. A man passed by quickly and said, 'Peace upon you, 0 Abu 'Abdur-Rahmaan (i.e. 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ood r.a.): He said, 'Allah has said the truth, and His Messenger has conveyed.' After we finished praying, we returned. He entered upon his family, and we sat down. Some among us said to the others, 'Did you not hear how he responded to the man, saying: Allah has said the truth, and His Messenger has conveyed? Who among you will ask him?' Taariq said, 'I will ask him.' Taariq did ask him when he came out, and in response, he mentioned that the Prophet said, "Indeed before the Hour Tasleem (greetings of peace) will be given to Al-Khaasah (those who have status or those whom one knows), trade will become widespread, to the degree that a women will help her husband in (his) business; ties of relation will be broken off; people will make false testimony; truthful testimony will be kept hidden; and ignorance will become widespread." (Ahmed)

Two Categories Of People That Will Inhabit The Hellfire, And We Seek Refuge In Allah, The Lord Of All That Exists

It is reported that Abu Hurairah (r.a.) related the following narration from the Prophet (s.a.w.): "There are two kinds of people of the Hellfire that I have not yet seen: a people who will have with them whips that are like the tails of cows, and they will strike people with them; and women who are dressed yet naked (at the same time), who will walk with a strut, swinging their heads (as they are walking), (which are) like the humps of leaning camels (the word Bukht is used here: camels that have long necks) — they will not enter Paradise, nor will they smell it, and the smell of it can be perceived from such and such distance." (from Book of the End by Ibn Kathir)

Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (r.a.) relates that Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said: "I have not yet seen two groups of Jahannamis, (because they have not emerged thus far). One group is of those men who will have lashes the size of the tails of oxen, in their hands, with which they will lash the faces of others. The other group is of those women who will wear clothes, yet they will be naked. They will attempt to attract people towards themselves and they will incline towards people (men). Their heads will appear to be like a dromedary (camel). Such women will never be able to enter Jannah, nay, they will not even smell the fragrance of Jannah, although the fragrance of Jannah will spread far.

NOTE
a) These days, scantily clad women or women who wear fine (see through) clothing are those who have on clothes, yet they are naked. Women dressed in tight, figure hugging clothing also fall in this category.
b) Women who wear high buns on the head are those whose heads appear to be like the hump of a camel.
(from Islam, Jesus, Mehdi, Qadyanis and Doomsday by Professor Mohammad Abdullah)

The Base And Ignoble Person Has A Say In Matters

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) reported that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, "Before the Hour are treacherous years; in them, the truthful person will be disbelieved, and the liar will be believed; the trustworthy one will be distrusted, and the treacherous one will be trusted. And the base, ignoble one will speak in that time (i.e., he has a voice that is heard by the people)." (Ahmad) The chain of this narration is good.

Anas ibn Maalik (r.a.) related that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, Indeed, before Ad-Dajjaal there are deceptive years - the truthful one will not be believed, the liar will be believed, the trustworthy one will be accused of betrayal, the treacherous one will be trusted, and the Ruwaibidah will speak." It was said, "And what is the Ruwaibidah?" He ra, said, "The base wicked-doer, he will speak in the affairs of the general public (he will be trusted to rule and he will speak by the name of the people)." (Ahmad) And this chain is good.

Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal in his Musnad said: Abu Ja'far Al Madaini and he is Muhammad son of Ja'far narrated to us that Abbad son of Awwam narrated to us, that Muhammad son of Ishaaq narrated to us, on the authority of Muhammad son of Munkadir, on the authority of Anas Ibn Malik said: the Prophet (s.a.w.) said: "Verily in front of the Dajjal are years of deception where they would say that the truthful is a liar and that the liar is truthful, and where the trustworthy are seen as deceptive and where the deceptive are seen as trustworthy, and the Ruwaibidhah speak". It was said: Who are the Ruwaibidah? He said: "The sinners who speak about general matters".

Also translated as: "The lowly ignoble man who speaks out about the public affairs."

Hadhrat Umme Salma (r.a..) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said: "That time will also come upon the people when the Truthful will be condemned as liars and the liars will be regarded as Truthful. People with dishonest occupations will be regarded as upright people while upright people will be condemned as criminals. People will come forth uncalled to give evidence, (for a fee), and people will take oaths (false) without it being called for. The progeny of lowly parents will be regarded as fortunate people on account of their worldly possessions, whereas, in actual fact they will not have Imaan in Allah or His Rasul (s.a.w.).


Competing in Construction

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) reported that the Prophet Ay said, "Indeed, from the signs of the Hour are that the shepherds of sheep will be the heads of people (i.e., they will have status and power); the barefooted, naked, and hungry ones will vie with one another in construction; and the female slave will give birth to her master." The chain of this narration is good, and it has been related in this form
only. (book of the end ibn kathir p184)
Anas ibn Maalik (r.a.), related that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "The Hour will not come until people vie with one another regarding mosques (perhaps meaning that they will vie with another in building beautiful mosques of extravagant designs — and Allah knows best)." (Ahmad)

In the Hadeeth of Ibn Mas'ood (r.a.), a portion contains this statement: "Mihraabs will be embellished and hearts will decay." In another narration 'Aleem said, "We were seated on a roof and with us was a man from the Prophet's Companions." Yazeed said, "I do not know him except as 'Ans Al-Ghaffaaree. People were deep in a discussion on the plague, and 'Ans said, '0 plague, take me.' He said it three times. Aleem said, 'Why do you say that? Did not the Messenger of Allah', say, 'None of you should hope for death, for with death one's deeds come to an end, and even if one asks for it to be delayed (when its time comes) it will not be prevented' Aleem said, 'Verily, I heard the Messenger of Allah. (s.a.w.), say, 'Hasten to death before the following: the coming of foolish rulers; an increase in the number of special guards (for the ruler); the selling of judgments (i.e. judgments are purchased through bribery); blood being deemed insignificant (i.e. much killing, without people considering there to be value to life); the breaking off of family ties; and the presence of a group that takes the Qur'an as a flute (i.e. saying it in a melodious but affected and extravagant manner), gives it to the people, and diverts them with it (from the true purpose of the Qur'an), though they have the least understanding among them.' "


Times of Great Trials

'Urwah related that Usaamah ibn Zaid (r.a.) said, "The Prophet (s.a.w.) overlooked a high structure from the structures of Madeenah, and he, said, 'Do you see what I see?' They said, 'No.' He said, "For indeed I see the trial falling in your homes like the falling of the rain." (Bukhari and Muslim)

Abu Huraira (r.a.) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: By Him, in Whose hand is my life, the world would not come to an end until a person would pass by a grave, would roll over it and express the desire that he should be in the place of the occupant of that grave not because of religious reasons but because of this calamity. (Muslim Book #041, Hadith #6948)

Narrated Abu Huraira (r.a.): The Prophet said, "The Hour will not be established till a man passes by a grave of somebody and says, 'Would that I were in his place.' " (Bukhari Book #88, Hadith #231)



Huge Quantity Of Wealth That Will Be Revealed In Arab Lands, And The Discord And Death That Will Result

Abu Hurairah (r.a.)nrelated that the Messenger of Allah A said, "The time draws near when the Furaat (River Euphrates) will reveal a treasure of gold; whoever is present should not take anything from it." (Bukhari)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) related that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, "The Hour will not come until the Furaat (Euphrates) lays bare a mountain of gold; people will fight over it, and from every 100 (people), 99 will be killed. Every man among them will say, ' perhaps I will be the one who will be saved."' (Muslim)

In another narration, 'Abdullah ibn Al-Haarith said, "I was standing with Ubai ibn Ka'ab in the shade of Hassaan's high house, and he said, 'People will continue with their differing necks to seek out the world.' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Indeed I heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) say, 'The time draws near when the Furaat (Euphrates) will lay bare a mountain of gold. When people will hear about it they will proceed to it, and the one beside it will say, ' If we leave the people to take from it, all of it will depart.' And so they will fight over it, with 99 (people) dying from every 100.' (Muslim)


Trials That Muslims Should Try To Stay Far Away From

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) related that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.), said, "There will be trials — the one who sits during them is better than the one who stands; the one who stands during them is better than the one who walks; the one who walks during them is better than the one who goes forth, facing them and taking them on. During those trials, whoever finds a refuge or a sanctuary to protect him, then let him return to it."
(Bukhari and Muslim)

'Amr ibn Waabisah Al-Asdee related that his father said, "As I was within my home in Kufa, I heard 'Assalaamu 'Alaikum' at the door. And I said, 'Alaikum As-Salaam' The visitor entered and when he came in, (I saw that) it was 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ood I said, '0 Abu 'Abdur-Rahmaan, what time is this to visit?' The time was high noon. He said, 'The day is long for me and I remembered one to whom I can speak.' He began to relate to me from the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) saying, "There will be a trial wherein the one who is sleeping during it is better than the one who is lying down; and the one who is lying down during it is better than the one who is seated; the one who is seated during it is better than the one who is standing; the one who is standing during it is better than the one is walking; the one who is walking is better than the one who is riding; the one who is riding is better than the one who is going forth quickly (seeking it out). All of those killed during it are in the Hellfire." 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ood (r.a.), asked, "0 Messenger of Allah, and when is that?" He said, "The days of much killing, when a man will not be safe from the companion he sits with." He said, "And what do you order me to do if I reach that (time)?" The Prophet said, "Restrain yourself and your hand and enter your home." "0 Messenger of Allah, and suppose a man enters upon me in my home?" The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "Then lock your house." 'Abdullah Ibn Mas'ood (r.a.) asked, "Suppose he enters (forcefully) upon my house?" The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "Then enter your Masjid and do like this," and he then closed his right (hand) on his wrist, "and say, ' My Lord is Allah' until you die upon that." (Ahmad)

Two More Hadith Related to Signs Before Judgemant Day

Narrated Abu Huraira (r.a.): Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established (1) till two big groups fight each other whereupon there will be a great number of casualties on both sides and they will be following one and the same religious doctrine, (2) till about thirty Dajjals (liars) appear, and each one of them will claim that he is Allah's Apostle, (3) till the religious knowledge is taken away (by the death of Religious scholars) (4) earthquakes will increase in number (5) time will pass quickly, (6) afflictions will appear, (7) Al-Harj, (i.e., killing) will increase, (8) till wealth will be in abundance ---- so abundant that a wealthy person will worry lest nobody should accept his Zakat, and whenever he will present it to someone, that person (to whom it will be offered) will say, 'I am not in need of it, (9) till the people compete with one another in constructing high buildings, (10) till a man when passing by a grave of someone will say, 'Would that I were in his place (11) and till the sun rises from the West. So when the sun will rise and the people will see it (rising from the West) they will all believe (embrace Islam) but that will be the time when: (As Allah said,) 'No good will it do to a soul to believe then, if it believed not before, nor earned good (by deeds of righteousness) through its Faith.' (6.158) And the Hour will be established while two men spreading a garment in front of them but they will not be able to sell it, nor fold it up; and the Hour will be established when a man has milked his she-camel and has taken away the milk but he will not be able to drink it; and the Hour will be established before a man repairing a tank (for his livestock) is able to water (his animals) in it; and the Hour will be established when a person has raised a morsel (of food) to his mouth but will not be able to eat it." (Bukhari Book #88, Hadith #237)

Thaubaan (r.a.) related that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said: "Indeed Allah gathered and folded the earth for me, and I saw the East of it and the West of it. And the Dominion of my nation will reach that which was folded from it .And I have been given the two treasures —the red (gold) and the white (silver). And I asked my Lord to not have my nation destroyed by a pervasive drought and to not give an enemy, from other than their own selves, reign over them by (allowing them) to uproot their Baidah (their society and their core place of rule). And indeed my Lord 'Azza wa Jal (to Him belongs Might and Majesty) said, '0 Muhammad, indeed if I decree a matter, then it is not returned (or prevented). And I have granted you for your nation that I will not destroy them by a pervasive drought and I will not give reign to an enemy, from other than their own selves, over them, (and they will not) uproot their Baidah; (and this) even if those from all areas gather over them (i.e. over the Muslims), so that some of them will destroy one another and imprison one another (i.e. though the two said requests are granted, Muslims will be afflicted by internecine struggles).' Indeed all that I fear over my nation are misguiding Imams. If the sword is placed in my nation, it will not be raised from them until the Day of Resurrection. And the Hour will not arrive until tribes from my nation betake themselves to the Mushrikeen and until tribes from my nation worship idols. And there will be in my nation 30 liars, each one of them claiming that he is a Prophet, but I am the seal of the Prophets; there is no Prophet after me. And a group from my nation will remain victorious upon the truth; those who oppose them will not harm them until the matter of Allah 'Azza wa Jal (To Him belongs Might and Majesty) arrives (near the Hour the souls of all believers will be taken)." (Ahmad) Through other chains, Muslim, Abu Daawood, Ibn Maajah, and At-Tirmidhee related it as well. And At-Tirmidhee said about it, "Hasan Saheeh."




Tuesday, 24 May 2011

Signs Before The Day of Judgement - Part 2

The Greater Signs of the Hour

After the lesser signs of the Hour appear and increase, mankind will have reached a stage of great suffering. Then the awaited Mahdi will appear; he is the first of the greater, and clear, signs of the Hour. There will be no doubt about his existence, but this will only be clear to the knowledgeable people. The Mahdi will rule until the False Messiah (al-Maseeh ad-Dajjaal) appears, who will spread oppression and corruption. The only ones who will know him well and avoid his evil will be those who have great knowledge and Eemaan (faith).

The false Messiah will remain for a while, destroying mankind completely, and the earth will witness the greatest Fitnah (tribulation) in its history. Then the Messiah Jesus (a.s.) will descend, bringing justice from heaven. He will kill the Dajjaal, and there will be years of safety and security. Then the appearance of Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj (Gog and Magog) will take mankind by surprise, and corruption will overtake them again. In answer to Jesus' faithful prayer to Allaah (s.w.t.), they will die, and safety, security, justice and stability will return. This state of affairs will continue for some years, until the death of Jesus. The Ulamaa differ concerning the order in which the other greater signs of the Hour will come about. They are:

• The destruction of the Ka'bah and the recovery of its treasure.

• The rising of the sun from the west.

• The emergence of the Beast from the earth.

• The smoke.

• A wind will take the souls of the believers.

• The Qur'aan will be taken up into heaven.

• A fire will drive the people to their last gathering place.

• The Trumpet will be sounded: at the first sound everyone will feel terror; at the second sound all will be struck down; at the last sound all will be resurrected.

(from The Signs Before The Day of Judgement by Ibn Kathir)


Imam Mahdi, The Dajjal, Prophet Isa (Jesus) pbuh, Yajooj and Majooj

Please see:

  Imam Mahdi, The Dajjal, Prophet Isa (Jesus pbuh) and Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog)

 Hadith regarding the sighting of the Dajjal


After Gog and Magog what?

Jesus Christ (as) will live on after the death of Yajooj-Majooj. He will die afterwards and be buried alongside the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) His Khalifah or successor will rule with great justice and piety. Several rulers will follow and slowly and gradually corruption and evil will creep in again.

Atheism and ignorance will prevail the earth again. (adapted from 'Islam, Jesus, Mehdi, Qadyanis and Doomsday' by Prof. Mohammad Abdullah)


Three Major Landslides or Swallowing of the Earth

Huthafah ibn Asad (r.a.) said, "The Prophet (s.a.w.), came over us as we were studying among ourselves (knowledge pertaining to) the Hour. He said, 'What are you discussing?' We said, 'We are mentioning (affairs pertaining to) the Hour.' He said, 'Indeed it will not come until you see ten signs: The smoke, the Dajjaal, the beast, the rising of the sun from the West, the descending of 'Eesa ibn Maryam, Yajooj and Majooj, three Khusoof (plural of Khasf, the swallowing of the earth and all that is on it) — the Khasf of the East, the Khasf of the West, and the Khasf of the Arabian Peninsula — and the last of them is a fire that will emerge from the East and that will steer people to their place of gathering." (Ahmad)

Here is another hadith mentioning Khasf:

Abdullah ibn 'Amr (r.a.) related that he heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) say, "When you see that my nation dreads saying to the oppressor, 'Indeed you are an oppressor,' then they have taken their leave (i.e. their existence and non-existence amounts to the same thing)." (Ahmad)


And the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, "There will be Qadfh (heavy winds with stones flying), Khasf (swallowing of the earth with those on it), and Maskh (transformation of people into animals)."

The Smoke That Will Occur Before The Day Of Resurrection

Allah s.w.t. said:

"Then wait you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke. Covering the people, this is a painful torment. (They will say): "Our Lord! Remove the torment from us, really we shall become believers!" How can there be for them an admonition (at the time when the torment has reached them), when a Messenger explaining things clearly has already come to them. Then they had turned away from (Messenger Muhammad ) and said: "One (Muhammad s.a.w.) taught (by a human being), a madman!" Verily, We shall remove the torment for a while. Verily! You will revert. On the Day when We shall seize you with the greatest grasp. Verily, We will exact retribution." (Qur'an 44:10-16.)

The apparent meaning of the Qur'an indicates the existence of Smoke from the sky that will envelop and cover the people.  According to a hadith, a thick fog or smoke will envelope the skies for 40 days. Believers will develop a cold and the infidels will lapse into unconsciousness. After a while, the skies will clear up.

The Night of Three Nights and the Rising of the Sun in the West

A night will come in the month of zill Hajj (sometime after Eidul Adha) which will be too long (unusually so). People and animals will become restless. Adults and children will be overtaken with extreme anxiety and they will repent. This night will end after a length of three nights. 

After the previous event, (the night of three nights) the Sun will finally arise but instead of from the usual east it will rise from the west and its rays will be extremely dull. When it reaches the Meridian it will return and set in the West as usual. At this time no repentance will be accepted. No sins will be forgiven. Nobody can become a Muslim or believer now. It is the end of Taubah. Before this event, there was Taubah (Muslim)
Allah (s.w.t.) says in the Holy Qur'an

"Do they then wait for anything other than that the angels should come to them, or that your Lord should come, or that some of the Signs of your Lord should come (i.e. portents of the Hour e.g., arising of the sun from the west! The day that some of the Signs of your Lord do come, no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before, nor earned good (by performing deeds of righteousness) through his Faith. Say: "Wait you! We (too) are waiting" (Qur'an 6:158)

Abu Hurairah (r.a) related that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, "The Hour will not arrive until the sun rises from its West. When it rises (from its west) and when the people will see it, they will all believe, and that is when no good will it do to a person to believe then (if he believed not before)." The Prophet then recited the above mentioned Verse. (Bukhari) Muslim related the same, but through a different chain.

Abu Dharr (r.a.) said, "The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said to me, 'Do you know where this sun goes when it sets?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'It goes and then prostrates underneath the 'Arsh (Throne). Then it asks permission (to rise from the east). The time draws near when it will be said to it, 'Return from whence you came (i.e. rise from the west). And that is when no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before, nor earned good (by performing deeds of righteousness) through his faith. — (Bukhari and Muslim)

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr (r.a.) said, "I memorized from the Messenger of Allah his saying, "Indeed the first of the Signs to come out is the rising of the sun from its west and the coming out of the Beast upon the people in the morning — whichever of the two precedes the other, then the other will follow shortly thereafter." (Muslim, Abu Daawood, and Ibn Maajah)

Even Until The Sun Rises From Its West, There Will Still Be Muslims Who Will Stand In The Night, Worshipping Allah

'Abdullah ibn Abee Aouf (r.a.) related that he heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) say, "There will come upon the people a night that is equivalent to three of these nights of yours. When that happens, those who are praying voluntary prayers will know. One of them will stand and pray his Ahzub (portion that he normally recites), and then he will sleep. Then he will wake up, stand, read his Ahzub, and then sleep (again). While they are upon that state, some people will shout out to one another, saying, "What is this?" Frightened, they will hurry to the Masjids. Upon them the sun will rise until it is in the middle of the sky; it will return and rise from its place of rising. At that juncture no good will it do to a person to believe (if he believed not before)." (Related by Al-Haafiz Abu Bakr ibn Mirdawai, in his Tafseer)


The Emergence of the Beast from the Earth

The next day (after the previous event) while people will be talking about it, there will be an eathquake in mount Safa in Mecca causing a split in the ground, a very strange looking animal (beast) will emerge from the crack (in the ground). It will be very strange in appearance, and extremely huge; one cannot even imagine what it will look like. It will emerge from the earth and shake the dust from its head. It will have with it the ring of Solomon and the rod of Moses. People will be terrified of it and will try to run away, but they will not be able to escape, because such will be the decree of Allaah. It will destroy the nose of every unbeliever with the rod, and write the word "Kaafir" on his forehead; it will adorn the face of every believer and write the word "Mu'min" (true believer) on his forehead, and it will speak to people.

Allah (s.w.t.) said:

"And when the Word is fulfilled against them (the unjust), We shall produce from the earth a Beast to (face) them: it will speak to them..." [an-Naml (27):82]

Ibn 'Abbaas, al-Hasan and Qataadah (r.a.) said that "It will speak to them" (tukallimuhum) means that it will address them. Ibn Jareer suggested that it means that the Beast will address them with the words "...for that mankind did not believe with assurance in Our Signs..." [an-Naml (27):82 - latter part of the Ayah] Ibn Jareer reported this from 'Alee and 'Ata'. It was reported from Ibn 'Abbaas that tukallimuhum means that the Beast will cut them, i.e., it will write the word "Kaafir" on the forehead of the unbeliever. It was also reported from Ibn 'Abbaas that he will both address them and cut them; this suggestion incorporates both of the previous suggestions; and Allaah knows best. 

Bareedah (r.a.) said, "The Prophet (s.a.w.) took me to a place in the desert, near Makkah. It was a dry piece of land surrounded by sand. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, 'The Beast will emerge from this place.' It was a very small area." (Ibn Maajah) 

It was reported from Abu Hurairah (r.a.) that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "The Beast of the Earth will emerge, and will have with it the rod of Moses and the ring of Solomon." It was also reported that he said, "(The Beast) will destroy the noses of the unbelievers with the ring, - so that people seated around one table will begin to address one another with the words "O Believer!" or "O Unbeliever!" (i.e. everyone's status will become clear) (Ibn Maajah)

'Abdullah ibn Buraidah (r.a.) said, "The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) took me to a place in the desert, near to Makkah. It was a dry land, and around it was sand. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said, 'The Beast will come out from this place...' Ibn 'Abbaas (r.a.) said, "It is a beast with short, soft hair; it has four legs and will come out from some of the valleys of Tuhaamah." (Related by 'Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Mu'ammir)

'Atiyyah related that 'Abdullah said, "The Beast will come out from the side of As-Safaa, coming out like the running of a horse — three days and two-thirds of it will not have come out." 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr (r.a.) said, "The Beast will come out from underneath a rock. It will face the East, and give out a shriek that will pierce through it. Then it will face the West, and give out a shriek that will pierce through it. Next, it will face Yemen and give out a shriek that will pierce through it. Then it will go from Makkah until it reaches 'Afsaan." It was said to him, "And then what?" He said, "I do not know." It is also related from him that he said, "The Beast will come out from underneath As-Sudoom  (Sodom) — i.e. the city of Prophet Lut's (a.s.) people." All of these sayings are in conflict with one another, and Allah (s.w.t.) knows best.

It is related from Abu Tufail that he said, "The Beast will come out from As-Safaa or Al-Marwaa." (Related by Al-Baihaqee) Abu Maryam related that he heard Abu Hurairah (r.a.) say, "Indeed the Beast has in it every color; between its two horns is the distance of a league for a rider." It is related from 'Alee ibn Abee Taalib (r.a.), that he said, "Indeed it is a beast that has a head. It has short, soft hair as well as hoofs. It also has a tail and a beard. It will come out with the speed of a racing horse for three (days perhaps?) and not even two-thirds of it will have come out." (Related by Ibn Abee Haatim)

(from 'Book of the End' by Ibn Kathir)


The Breeze from the South


There will blow an extremely fresh and fragrant breeze from the south causing a slight pain in the armpits of believers, who will all eventually die (in order of piety: pious ones first, then the sinners) until at last Doomsday will come on infidels only.


In part of a long hadith narrated by An-Nawaas Ibn Sam'aan (r.a.) Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.) said:
".....Allah will send a good wind, which will every believer and every Muslim. The most evil of people will remain, and they will engage in sexual intercourse out in the open as donkeys do: upon them the Hour will come to pass." (Muslim)


The Destruction of the Ka'bah

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr (r.a.) related that he heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) say, "Dhu As-Suwaiqatain, who is from Habasha (Ethiopia), will destroy the Ka'bah; he will steal its jewels and remove from it its covering. It is as if I am looking at him - Usaili'an (one who has a receding hairline or who is bald), Ufaidi'an (having crooked joints). He will strike it with his Masaahiyah (a steel shovel) and his Mai'wal (a huge axe that is used to pierce through rocks)." (Ahmad) This chain is good and strong.

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr (r.a.) related that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "Leave Habasha (Ethiopia) alone so long as they leave you alone, for none shall remove the treasure of the Ka'bah except for Dhu As-Suwaiqatain, who is from Habasha." (Abu Daawood)

Ibn 'Abbaas (r.a.) related that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "It is as if I am looking at him — (he is) black and bowlegged. He will tear it (i.e. the Ka'bah) down, stone by stone." (Ahmad)

The Great Fire


This is the final sign of the Doomsday. A huge fire will break out in Yemen from which the people will flee and it will follow the closely until they are all driven towards Syria. After this, the fire will disappear.     

Huthafah ibn Asad (r.a.) said, "The Prophet (s.a.w.), came over us as we were studying among ourselves (knowledge pertaining to) the Hour. He said, 'What are you discussing?' We said, 'We are mentioning (affairs pertaining to) the Hour.' He said, 'Indeed it will not come until you see ten signs: The smoke, the Dajjaal, the beast, the rising of the sun from the West, the descending of 'Eesa ibn Maryam, Yajooj and Majooj, three Khusoof (plural of Khasf, the swallowing of the earth and all that is on it) — the Khasf of the East, the Khasf of the West, and the Khasf of the Arabian Peninsula — and the last of them is a fire that will emerge from the East and that will steer people to their place of gathering." (Ahmad)

The following is related from Ibn Shuraihah Al-Ghaffaaree: "And a fire that will come out from the floor of 'Adan (a famous city in Yemen); it will steer or gather the people; it will spend the night with them wherever they spend the night, and it will be with them in the day wherever they take their day-nap." Sho'bah said, "A man from Abu At-Tufail related this Hadeeth to me from Abu Shuraihah, who did not impute it to the Prophet ."

Narrated Abu Huraira (r.a.): The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, "The people will be gathered in three ways: (The first way will be of) those who will wish or have a hope (for Paradise) and will have a fear (of punishment), (The second batch will be those who will gather) riding two on a camel or three on a camel or ten on a camel. (The third batch) the rest of the people will be urged to gather by the Fire which will accompany them at the time of their afternoon nap and stay with them where they will spend the night, and will be with them in the morning wherever they may be then, and will be with them in the afternoon wherever they may be then." (Bukhari Book #76, Hadith #529)

Abdullah ibn 'Umar (r.a.) said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) say, 'Indeed there will be Hijrah (migration) after Hijrah, people will betake themselves to the place of Ibraaheem's migration. None shall remain on earth except for its most evil inhabitants. Their lands will expel them, and the fire will gather them with the apes and pigs. It will spend the night with them wherever it is they spend the night, and it will spend the day with them wherever it is they take their day nap. And it will eat those who remain behind."' (Ahmad)


to be continued inshaAllah...

see also:

Signs Before The Day of Judgement - Part 1